Case Study #2: Stand your ground when necessary
As an HR director at a large global company, Carla Santos* was often privy to sensitive information about employees. So, when one of the company’s executives became severely ill, she wasn’t completely surprised when a relative reached out to explain the situation. Unfortunately, however, this put her in a tough position. “I possessed medical information which typically an employer doesn’t have access to,” she explains. “The executive team realized that the family had confided in me and they were very interested in finding out the extent and gravity of the illness,” she says. But she didn’t feel comfortable violating the family’s trust by sharing the information. She knew that keeping quiet might negatively affect how her bosses perceived her, but that was a risk she felt was worth taking.
Criminals : What kinds of efforts should we make to rehabilitate
A. Is there an obligation to differentiate between violent and nonviolent crimes?
B. Regarding "cruel and unusual punishments," what rights should prisoners have?
(1) should there be protection against homosexual rape?
(2) to what degree should criminals be supported in the right to appeal?
(What if they are in fact innocent?)
C. Is there a moral justification for capital punishment, also known as institutional murder?
(1) What degrees of defense and protection should there be to make sure the innocent are not executed?
(2) Would some punishments, such as flogging, be less destructive and expensive in the long run and more deterrent?
D. What kinds of moral obligations do we have not to release people on parole who have shown themselves to be fully rehabilitated? Or to release people who have not shown a continuing threat to society?
(1) How many chances should people be given for various problematic behaviors?
E. What about obligations for restitution to the victims of crime?